Detection of sub-TeV Gamma-rays from the Galactic Center Direction by CANGAROO-II

(Astrophys. J. Lett., in press)

K. Tsuchiya, R. Enomoto, L.T. Ksenofontov, M. Mori, T. Naito, A. Asahara, G.V. Bicknell, R.W. Clay, Y. Doi, P.G. Edwards, S. Gunji, S. Hara, T. Hara, T. Hattori, Sei. Hayashi, C. Itoh, S. Kabuki, F. Kajino, H. Katagiri, A. Kawachi, T. Kifune, H. Kubo, T. Kurihara, R. Kurosaka, J. Kushida, Y. Matsubara, Y. Miyashita, Y. Mizumoto, H. Moro, H. Muraishi, Y. Muraki, T. Nakase, D. Nishida, K. Nishijima, M. Ohishi, K. Okumura, J.R. Patterson, R.J. Protheroe, N. Sakamoto, K. Sakurazawa, D.L. Swaby, T. Tanimori, H. Tanimura, G. Thornton, F. Tokanai, T. Uchida, S. Watanabe, T. Yamaoka, S. Yanagita, T. Yoshida, T. Yoshikoshi

We have detected sub-TeV gamma-ray emission from the direction of the Galactic Center (GC) using the CANGAROO-II Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope (IACT). We detected a statistically signicant excess at energies greater than 250GeV. The flux was one order of magnitude lower than that of Crab at 1 TeV with a soft spectrum $\propto E^{-4.6\pm 0.5}$. The signal centroid is consistent with the GC direction and the observed prole is consistent with a point-like source. Our data suggests that the GeV source 3EG J1746-2851 is identical with this TeV source and we study the combined spectra to determine the possible origin of the gamma-ray emission. We also obtain an upper limit on the cold dark-matter density in the Galactic halo.